This part addresses the various contexts that determine how the research field of sound and music computing is embedded in a societal framework. Four of these may be identified, namely, the research context, the educational context, the industrial context and the socio-cultural context. The research context is about the state and trends of related scientific and technological developments and their influence on sound and music computing. The higher education context is about the education of future researchers in the field. The industrial context is about the impact on the industries and about the relevant trends in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector. Finally, the socio-cultural context is about the link to culture and the relevant social implications. These four contexts thus provide the background in which the state-of-the-art and challenges of sound and music research are situated.