REVEALING THE SECRET OF "GROOVE" SINGING: ANALYSIS OF J-POP MUSIC

Publication Type:

Conference Paper

Source:

Proceedings of the Sound and Music Computing Conference 2016, SMC 2016, Hamburg, Germany (2016)

ISBN:

978-3-00-053700-4

URL:

http://quintetnet.hfmt-hamburg.de/SMC2016/

Abstract:

In music, “groove” refers to the sense of rhythmic “feel” or swing. Groove, which was originally introduced to describe the taste of a bands rhythm section, has been expanded to non-rhythmic sections and to several genres and has become a key facet of popular music. Some studies have analyzed groove by investigating the delicate beat nuances of playing the drums. However, the nature of groove that is found in continuous sound has not yet been elucidated. To describe the nature of groove, we conducted an evaluative study using a questionnaire and balance method based on signal processing for vocal melodies sung by a professional popular music vocalist. We found that the control over (voiced) consonants followed by vowels constitutes an expression that is crucial to groove in J-pop vocal melodies. The experimental results suggest that timeprolongation and pitch overshoot added to voiced consonants made listeners perceive the vowels that follow to be more accentuated, eventually enhancing listeners perceptions of groove elements in vocal melodies.

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